Published: Jan 1937
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Considering what little we really know about wear resistance and wear testing, there has been a lot written on the subject. One could assemble most of the real wisdom on the subject in the form of direct quotations from previous papers of rather early vintage. It is hardly necessary to disclaim originality in the present treatment of so time honored a topic. The problem of wear of railway rails and tires has been one of the most discussed subdivisions of the topic. Füschel (1), in a bibliography of some 275 entries on rail wear, cites publications by Adams and by Schwarz back in 1864, and a discussion by Sandberg in 1868. That phase had attention from Dudley (2) prior to 1880, and both this and the question of railway bearings were set forth by him in 1890 in considerable detail, and with full appreciation of the difficulties of assembling reliable data from observations of wear in service. In the discussion of this paper Lowthian Bell remarked that he had constructed a sort of grindstone by which he hoped to get data on rail wear more rapidly. As no test results reported by Bell have been located, it seems likely that he found that the test did not give a sensible answer. Even earlier, in 1873, Bottone (3) had studied hardness of metals with equipment of the type later to be known as the Spindel machine.
Gillett, H. W.
Metallurgist, Battelle Memorial Inst., Columbus, Ohio