STP1480: Detection of Crack Initiation by Observations of Free Surface Condition

    Ichinose, Kensuke
    Professor, Tokyo Denki University, Tokyo,

    Yoshida, Sanichiro
    Associate Professor, Southeastern Louisiana University, Hammond,

    Gomi, Kenji
    Assistant Professor, Tokyo Denki University, Tokyo,

    Taniuchi, Kiyoshi
    Professor, Meiji University, Sagamihara-shi,

    Fukuda, Katsumi
    Professor, Tokyo National College of Technology, Tokyo,

    Ishii, Hideyuki
    Graduate Student, Tokyo Denki University, Tokyo,

    Pages: 10    Published: Jan 2007


    A simple method to detect crack initiation is presented. By polishing the surface of carbon steel structure properly and using the Lüders bands and orange peel as indicators for damage, it is possible to predict crack initiation with the naked eye. The initiation of the Lüders bands is the yellow light of the crack initiation, for instance, in the traffic signal, and orange peel is the red light. The relationship between the observed surface condition and the cyclic stress-strain characteristics is discussed.


    fatigue damage, cyclic stress-strain diagram, low cycle fatigue, fatigue crack initiation, Lüders band, orange peel

    Paper ID: STP45510S

    Committee/Subcommittee: E08.05

    DOI: 10.1520/STP45510S

    CrossRef ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.