Bell, W. J.
Rexall Chemical Co., Odessa, Tex
Benham, P. P.
Lecturer in Applied Mechanics, Imperial College, London,
Pages: 22 Published: Jan 1963
Stainless steel sheet (18Cr-9Ni) was tested in fatigue under axial-load cycling in plain and notched conditions. Various stress ratios were used ranging from R = −1.0 to +0.91, and endurances (see Definitions) from 10 to 107 cycles were covered using testing frequencies of 5 to 15 cpm and 3000 cpm.
The effect of mean stress on notch fatigue strength could not be predicted empirically solely from unnotched material data; at least one notched fatigue curve would be required.
A fatigue strength reduction factor based on maximum stress for a particular mean stress and endurance provided the most reliable correlation between unnotched and notched data.
Low-cycle and high-cycle fatigue curves matched up only to a limited extent at the overlap, but there was generally strength reduction at low frequency. Under certain conditions of mean stress and stress ratio a cyclic creep or ratchetting mechanism leading to ductile rupture was obtained at low endurances.
Simple functions existed in the low-cycle region between stress range and plastic strain range and total energy and cycles to fracture, both of which were largely independent of stress ratio.
Paper ID: STP44458S