STP204

    The Corrosion and Ignition of Titanium in Fuming Nitric Acid

    Published: Jan 1957


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    Abstract

    The use of titanium in missile and aircraft components to extend their range and speed depends upon the high strength-to-weight ratio and the high yield-to-ultimate-strength ratio of the material. Table I shows some of these properties obtained from the titanium suppliers' literature and from the American Society for Metals Metals Handbook (1948). For a light metal, titanium has a high melting point (3020 F, 1660 C), which would lead one to expect good high-temperature properties with the consequent possibility of replacing strategic chromium- and nickel-bearing alloys with titanium. However, the yield and ultimate strengths of titanium decrease rapidly above 800 F (430 C). Furthermore, the irreversible absorption of oxygen and nitrogen from the air at temperatures above 1200 F (650 C) causes embrittlement. These factors limit the high-temperature application of the material.


    Author Information:

    Rittenhouse, J B
    Research Group Supervisor, Chemistry Section, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, Calif.


    Paper ID: STP44152S

    Committee/Subcommittee: B02.08

    DOI: 10.1520/STP44152S


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