STP420: Measurement of Dielectric Properties of Materials Under Vacuum, Reactor Radiation, and Cryogenic Conditions

    McMillan, W. D.
    Radiation Effects Group, General Dynamics Corp., Fort Worth, Tex.

    Gause, R. L.
    Radiation Effects and Solid Mechanics Section, NASA, Huntsville, Ala.

    Kerlin, E. E.
    Radiation Effects Group, General Dynamics Corp., Fort Worth, Tex.

    Warwick, J. E.
    Radiation Effects Group, General Dynamics Corp., Fort Worth, Tex.

    Pages: 11    Published: Jan 1967


    Abstract

    A dielectric test system for measuring the dielectric properties of materials under vacuum, reactor radiation, and cryogenic conditions is described. The cryovacuum dielectric tester consists of eight cylindrical test cells mounted on two rectangular, hollow cryopanels. Liquid nitrogen supplied to the cryopanels provides the cryotemperature environment. The test cells are designed to hold specimens 4.5 in. in diameter and up to 0.25 in. in thickness. Two cryovacuum-irradiation tests have been conducted. The specimens were exposed to about 1 × 1010 ergs/g (C) of gamma radiation and 3 × 1015 n/cm2 of fast neutron (E > 1 Mev) radiation, vacuum in the 10−6 torr region, and temperatures of +25 C to −190 C. Capacitance, dissipation factor, and volume resistivity were determined for speciments of vinylidene fluoride, melamine resin, polycarbonate plastic, and silicone resin. A table summarizing the test results is presented.

    Keywords:

    dielectric strength, electrical properties, electrical insulation, insulation, space environment, vacuum, cryogenics, low temperature, radiation, nuclear reactors, capacitance, dissipation factor, resistivity, plastics


    Paper ID: STP43800S

    Committee/Subcommittee: D09.12

    DOI: 10.1520/STP43800S


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