Published: Dec 1956
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Civilization has flourished along the ocean shores and the inland waterways of the world. The ease of waterborne navigation and the fertility of the soil resulting from abundant rainfall and drainage made this possible. Man's progress can be traced by studying his utilization and exploitation of the water-courses of the earth. Industries, as they were founded and grew beyond the family or home level, also were located on watercourses. This was partly to be near established centers of population, which were the outlets for their products and the sources of their workers; partly to take advantage of the open roads of water transportation for movement of both raw materials and finished goods; and partly to have available an adequate water supply. This third factor has become of increasing importance as industrialization has expanded. New industry has tended to locate away from large centers of population and from navigable waters, but it still needs to be located near a large supply of water suitable for industrial uses.