Air Content and Unit Weight

    Published: Jan 1956

      Format Pages Price  
    PDF (284K) 13 $25   ADD TO CART


    In this discussion of certain aspects of the effect of entrained air in concrete, the principles developed by early investigators are referred to first. The pioneers could not forsee the real benefits that would result from air entrainment, but they did develop some elementary physical relationships which are still pertinent. In the days of Feret's studies (1), the density of mortar was represented by the total volume of the solid particles. This could be termed the first application of the method of absolute volumes, which is involved both in proportioning and in the analysis of physical constants of concrete. To develop the relationship for compressive strength, P, using constants J and K, Feret assigned letters (c for cement, s for sand, e for water, v for air voids) to represent the absolute volumes of mortar constituents and proved from his data the validity of the relationships: P=J(c1-(c+s)-0.1) and: P=K(c1-s)2

    Author Information:

    Helms, SB
    Research Engineer, Lehigh Portland Cement Co., Allentown, Pa.

    Paper ID: STP39434S

    Committee/Subcommittee: C09.23

    DOI: 10.1520/STP39434S

    CrossRef ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.