STP520

    Fatigue Crack Growth Characteristics of Several Austenitic Stainless Steels at High Temperature

    Published: Jan 1973


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    Abstract

    The resistance to fatigue crack growth of annealed stainless steels, Types 304, 316, 321, and 348, was determined at 77, 800, and 1100 F (25, 427, and 593 C). Crack growth rates were related to the stress intensity factor range (ΔK). With increase in temperature the rate of crack growth for a given (ΔK) increased. At room temperature the four steels had the same resistance to crack growth. However, at high temperatures crack growth became sensitive to the differences in composition and properties among the steels. At 1100 F (593 C), Type 348 steel had the greatest resistance to crack growth and Type 316 the lowest resistance. As a result, fatigue life was 3.4 times longer for Type 348 steel over Type 316 steel at this temperature. The characteristics of high-temperature fatigue crack growth were examined.

    Keywords:

    fatigue (materials), crack propagation, stainless steels, thermal fatigue, evaluation, nuclear reactors


    Author Information:

    Shahinian, P
    Metallurgist, metallurgist, and mechanical engineer, Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, D. C.

    Smith, HH
    Metallurgist, metallurgist, and mechanical engineer, Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, D. C.

    Watson, HE
    Metallurgist, metallurgist, and mechanical engineer, Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, D. C.


    Paper ID: STP38856S

    Committee/Subcommittee: E08.05

    DOI: 10.1520/STP38856S


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