STP1277: Electrochemical Noise Measurements on Carbon and Stainless Steels in High Subcritical and Supercritical Aqueous Environments

    Macdonald, DD
    Professor of materials science and engineering and director, Center for Advanced Materials, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA

    Liu, C
    Research associate, Center for Advanced Materials, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA

    Manahan, MP
    President, MPM Research and Consulting, Lemont, PA

    Pages: 19    Published: Jan 1996


    Abstract

    The electrochemical noise induced in a pair of corroding carbon steel probes in simulated heat transport circuit fluids of a supercritical fossil-fueled power plant at temperatures up to 550°C and at pressures as high as 276 bar (4000 psi) was measured as a function of oxygen concentration, flow rate, temperature, and pressure. Additionally, electrochemical noise measurement (ENM) was explored as a means of detecting and monitoring stress corrosion cracking in sensitized Type 304 SS in high-temperature water (up to 288°C). Experimental results from these studies indicate that the electrochemical noise induced from corrosion of steels in high-temperature aqueous systems can be measured in a reproducible manner. The magnitude of the electrochemical noise responds sensibly to changes in the chemical and physical properties of the fluid, and the pattern of the electrochemical noise contains information on the nature of the corrosion processes that occur, including general corrosion, pitting attack, and stress corrosion cracking.

    Keywords:

    electrochemical noise, supercritical aqueous system, corrosion, pitting attack, stress corrosion cracking


    Paper ID: STP37964S

    Committee/Subcommittee: G01.11

    DOI: 10.1520/STP37964S


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