STP1266: Downhill Skiing Injuries in Lapland, Sweden: A Survey Including Alcohol Monitoring and One-Year Follow-up

    Made, C
    Medical doctor, Tärnaby Sjukstuga Clinic, Tärnaby,

    Elmqvist, L-G
    Medical doctor, University Hospital, Umeå,

    Pages: 6    Published: Jan 1996


    Abstract

    In Tärnaby/Hemavan, a ski area in Lapland/Sweden, all downhill skiing-injured patients examined at the local medical facility, Tärnaby Sjukstuga, were registered 1990–92. A questionnaire was filled out, the patients' expiration breath was tested by an Alcolmeter SD-2®, and a one-year follow-up was performed by questionnaire. Four hundred eighty-one patients (59% male), mean age 22.9, were included. Injured parts of the body were knee 28%, lower leg and head 10.8%, thumb 8.3%, and forearm 8.1%. The most common diagnoses were fractures 23.6% and knee sprains 23.2%. Classification according to the abbreviated injury scale (AIS) 1 to 5 resulted in 95% as 1–2, 5% as 3–4; one skier had an AIS of 5. On the day of accident 1.1% had used alcohol compared to 5% in a control group of 60 noninjured skiers. The one-year follow-up questionnaire was answered by 58%; 29% of the respondents had symptoms.

    Alcohol is a factor of no importance in the incidence of ski injuries at Tärnaby/Hemavan. One third of the follow-up group had enduring symptoms.

    Keywords:

    downhill skiing injury, injury rate, questionnaire, alcohol, long-term injury, sick leave


    Paper ID: STP37920S

    Committee/Subcommittee: F27.65

    DOI: 10.1520/STP37920S


    CrossRef ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.