STP1482: Cadmium Transport in Volcanic Ash Soil during Citric Acid Solution Flow

    Mizoguchi, M
    Associate Professor of Soil Physics and Soil Hydrology, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo,

    Abe, Y
    Graduate Student of Soil Physics and Soil Hydrology, , The University of Tokyo, Tokyo,

    Yamaguchi, N
    Senior Researcher of Soil Environmental Chemistry, National Institute for Agro-environmental Sciences, Ibaraki,

    Miyazaki, T
    Professor of Soil Physics and Soil Hydrology, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo,

    Pages: 8    Published: Jan 2006


    Abstract

    Cadmium contamination of soil is one of the most serious environmental problems in Japan. As basic research toward the development of a decontamination method to remove cadmium from soil, cadmium transport has been measured in a volcanic ash soil during citric acid solution flow. After a soil column that was polluted artificially by cadmium nitrate was saturated with distilled water, citrate solution was passed through the soil column. Leachate from the soil column was collected for the measurement of cadmium concentration. At the end of the flow experiment, the soil column was sliced into 2-cm-thick pieces and the residual cadmium in soil was analyzed. As a result, it was found that the higher the concentration of citrate, the faster the cadmium discharged from the soil. This result can be explained in terms of the downward movement of the soluble complex of citrate with cadmium in the soil.

    Keywords:

    cadmium transport, citric acid, decontamination, soluble complex, volcanic ash soil


    Paper ID: STP37674S

    Committee/Subcommittee: D18.14

    DOI: 10.1520/STP37674S


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