STP614: Growth of Fire in Building Compartments

    Quintiere, J
    Mechanical engineer, National Bureau of Standards, Washington, D.C.

    Pages: 37    Published: Jan 1976


    Abstract

    A review was made of both full-scale and scale model experiments concerned with fire growth and spread in building compartments. It appears that “flashover,” that is, the rapid transition to a fully developed room fire, could be initiated by a fully involved chair fire alone or by a large waste container ignition source against a combustible lining material. Scale model results continue to provide valuable insight, but the validity of partial scaling results must be considered for each type of experiment. A quasi-steady idealized mathematical model was developed to analyze the various parameters of fire development in a room. These theoretical results show the significance of fuel properties, fire size and location, room and doorway dimensions, and wall thermal properties. The limitations of a mathematical approach are also discussed.

    Keywords:

    fires, flashover, literature reviews, scale models, mathematical models, fluid flow, heat transfer, theories


    Paper ID: STP37206S

    Committee/Subcommittee: E05.41

    DOI: 10.1520/STP37206S


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