Structure and Properties of a 19Cr-25Ni-Mo-Ti Steel

    Published: Jan 1979

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    SANDVIK 12RN72 is a 19Cr-25Ni austenitic steel with additions of molybdenum, titanium, and boron. In this paper structure, mechanical properties, and high-temperature corrosion properties of 12RN72 are presented.

    The structure of 12RN72 in the solution heat treated condition consists of a fully austenitic matrix with some undissolved carbides and nitrides of type TiC and TiN. During creep, M23C6 precipitates in the grain boundaries, and both M23C6 and finely dispersed TiC-particles precipitate in the grains. The small TiC-particles, which precipitate at dislocations, are very stable and their growth rate is low.

    The precipitates of TiC and M23C6 greatly contribute to a high creep-rupture strength. For instance, at 700°C the 100 000 h creep-rupture strength of 12RN72 is at least twice that of TP316 and TP347 and about 50 percent higher than that of Alloy 800H. Another prominent feature is the high creep ductility with a transcrystalline rupture behavior.

    The high chromium and nickel contents of 12RN72 account for an improved corrosion resistance at elevated temperature in comparison with the standard austenitic steels. Up to about 1000°C, the corrosion properties are similar to those of Alloy 800H that has been verified by tests in air, steam, and impure helium.


    steels, microstructure, austenitic stainless steels, precipitation hardening steels, electron microscopes, metallographic structures, dislocations, chromium carbides, titanium carbides, tensile properties, creep properties, oxidation resistance

    Author Information:

    Andersson, T
    Research metallurgists, Sandvik Steel Research Centre, S-811 01 Sandviken, Sweden

    Törnblom, H
    Research metallurgists, Sandvik Steel Research Centre, S-811 01 Sandviken, Sweden

    Samuelsson, A
    Research metallurgist, Swedish Institute for Metal Research, S-114 28 Stockholm, Sweden

    Committee/Subcommittee: E04.05

    DOI: 10.1520/STP36881S

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