STP766: A Monitoring Technique for Assessing Effects of Pollutants on Fish Activity

    Fisher, JW
    Aquatic toxicologist, chemical engineer, and biological technician, Air Force Aerospace Medical Research Laboratory, Environmental Quality Branch, Toxic Hazards Division, Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio

    Harrah, CB
    Aquatic toxicologist, chemical engineer, and biological technician, Air Force Aerospace Medical Research Laboratory, Environmental Quality Branch, Toxic Hazards Division, Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio

    D'Allessandris, R
    Aquatic toxicologist, chemical engineer, and biological technician, Air Force Aerospace Medical Research Laboratory, Environmental Quality Branch, Toxic Hazards Division, Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio

    Collins, GT
    Research engineer, electronic technicians, associate research computer engineer, and mechanical technician, University of Dayton Research Institute, Dayton, Ohio

    Muhic, LA
    Research engineer, electronic technicians, associate research computer engineer, and mechanical technician, University of Dayton Research Institute, Dayton, Ohio

    Umina, JF
    Research engineer, electronic technicians, associate research computer engineer, and mechanical technician, University of Dayton Research Institute, Dayton, Ohio

    Blanchard, RE
    Research engineer, electronic technicians, associate research computer engineer, and mechanical technician, University of Dayton Research Institute, Dayton, Ohio

    Klosterman, EL
    Research engineer, electronic technicians, associate research computer engineer, and mechanical technician, University of Dayton Research Institute, Dayton, Ohio

    Pages: 10    Published: Jan 1982


    Abstract

    This study describes a method for monitoring the activity of aquatic organisms and reports preliminary results using hydrazine as the pollutant. Activity was detected using strain gages attached to immersed stainless steel paddles. Fish changing position or maintaining their position in the water column created water disturbances, and the relative amount of the water disturbance was used as an index of activity. Analog outputs from the gages were conditioned, amplified, recorded on frequency modulation (FM) magnetic tape, and processed off-line by computer. A computer program was developed that calculated mean absolute voltage levels of combined signals over 1-min intervals.

    Preliminary information was obtained in four trials. Fish activity was monitored from 7 a.m. to 2 p.m. with three or four fish per trial. The activity of the control fish and that of the fish exposed to sublethal concentrations of hydrazine were compared by visual inspection of plots of mean 5-min voltage levels. The activity of the exposed fish was inconsistent between trials, variable, and usually not readily distinguishable from the corresponding control fish activity. Nevertheless, this strain gage-paddle apparatus detects fish activity and offers a new technique that has potential as a biological monitor of water and effluent quality.

    Keywords:

    bonded strain gage, fish behavior, bluegill, toxicology, hydrazine, fish activity, aquatic toxicology, hazard assessment


    Paper ID: STP36719S

    Committee/Subcommittee: E35.14

    DOI: 10.1520/STP36719S


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