STP766: Effect of Linear Alkylbenzene Sulfonate on the Structure and Function of Microbial Communities in Model Ecosystems

    Larson, RJ
    Microbiologist and section head, Environmental Safety Department, Procter & Gamble Co., Cincinnati, Ohio

    Maki, AW
    Microbiologist and section head, Environmental Safety Department, Procter & Gamble Co., Cincinnati, Ohio

    Pages: 17    Published: Jan 1982


    Abstract

    The effect of linear alkylbenzene sulfonate (LAS) on the structure and function of microbial communities was studied in a flow-through model ecosystem containing several trophic levels. The LAS was supplied to 19-litre glass aquaria at 0.5 and 5.0 mg/litre in either well water (Phase I) or sewage effluent (Phase II). The structure of microbial populations was estimated from measurements of total viable biomass; function assays consisted of measuring rates of glucose or LAS degradation, or both. Assays of microbial function were also carried out in waters from two rivers.

    The results of Phase I studies indicated that LAS had no effect on microbial structure at either dose level. Microbial function was also unaffected at the low-dose level, although both glucose and LAS degradation were inhibited at the high-dose level. By contrast, 5 mg/litre LAS had no effect on microbial function in river water exposed to sewage effluent, as measured by the rate of LAS degradation. Similarly, there was no decrease in function of the microbial populations exposed to ∼5 mg/litre LAS in the Phase II model ecosystem. It was further noted that the overall kinetics of LAS degradation in Phase II model ecosystems were essentially identical to those in two river waters. From Phase I and Phase II studies the following were concluded: 1. Function measurements were preferable to structure measurements in characterizing mixed microbial communities. 2. The function of microbial communities in relatively simple model ecosystems closely approximates that of natural populations in surface waters.

    Keywords:

    biodegradation kinetics, model ecosystem, surface waters, microbial toxicity, linear alkylbenzene sulfonate, modeling, microbial function, aquatic toxicology, hazard assessment


    Paper ID: STP36714S

    Committee/Subcommittee: E35.14

    DOI: 10.1520/STP36714S


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