STP539: Microsampling Techniques for Infrared Spectroscopic Analysis of Lunar and Terrestrial Minerals

    Estep, PA
    Research chemists, U.S. Bureau of Mines, Morgantown Energy Research Center, Morgantown, W. Va.

    Kovach, JJ
    Research chemists, U.S. Bureau of Mines, Morgantown Energy Research Center, Morgantown, W. Va.

    Karr, C
    Research chemists, U.S. Bureau of Mines, Morgantown Energy Research Center, Morgantown, W. Va.

    Pages: 20    Published: Jan 1973


    Abstract

    Microsampling techniques have been developed for infrared analysis of single mineral grains (>150 μm) from lunar rocks and dusts, allowing a detailed molecular structure characterization of these complex fine-grained samples. The methods include special devices for isolating single grains, preparing micropellets from the grains, and obtaining in situ micro-specular reflectance spectra from grains in polished rock samples. Although specifically developed for the work on lunar samples, the special techniques for single grain infrared analysis were found to be equally useful in studies of complex terrestrial mineral samples. For example, infrared microanalysis has contributed substantially in solving problems concerned with our natural resources, such as the structural characterization of minerals from commercial iron ores, marine deposits, coal, and fly ash derived from coal.

    Keywords:

    infrared spectroscopy, lunar analysis, infrared reflectance, iron ores, coal minerals, fly ash, marine deposits, lunar mineralogy, microanalysis, lunar dust


    Paper ID: STP36537S

    Committee/Subcommittee: F07.90

    DOI: 10.1520/STP36537S


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