STP691: Effects of Titanium Dioxide on the Weatherability of Thermoplastic Polymers

    Irick, G
    Research associate, senior research chemist, research chemist, and senior research chemist, Research Laboratories, Tennessee Eastman Company, Kingsport, Tenn.

    Zannucci, JS
    Research associate, senior research chemist, research chemist, and senior research chemist, Research Laboratories, Tennessee Eastman Company, Kingsport, Tenn.

    Ownby, JC
    Research associate, senior research chemist, research chemist, and senior research chemist, Research Laboratories, Tennessee Eastman Company, Kingsport, Tenn.

    Wang, RHS
    Research associate, senior research chemist, research chemist, and senior research chemist, Research Laboratories, Tennessee Eastman Company, Kingsport, Tenn.

    Pages: 10    Published: Jan 1980


    Abstract

    Titanium dioxide is used widely as an opacifying agent for paper, fibers, coatings, and plastics. Our data show that this white pigment functions as either a weathering stabilizer or sensitizer, depending on its concentration or treatment during manufacture and use. Lifetimes of oxidizable polymers, such as polypropylene and cellulose esters, can be reduced greatly by the presence of photoactive titanium dioxides; oxidation-resistant polymers, such as poly(tetramethylene terephthalate), are affected to a much lesser extent. The undesirable effects of titanium dioxides can be reduced greatly by the presence of certain additives. The large effects of temperature on the lifetimes of certain polymers indicate that considerable care must be exercised in the design of accelerated test methods.

    Keywords:

    building materials, durability, thermoplastic polymers, white pigments, polymer weatherability, polymer photodegradation, impact strength, accelerated test methods, stabilization


    Paper ID: STP36114S

    Committee/Subcommittee: E06.55

    DOI: 10.1520/STP36114S


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