STP631: Dynamic Fracture Toughness of SA533 Grade A Class 2 Base Plate and Weldments

    Logsdon, WA
    professor, Mechanics Department, Westinghouse Research LaboratoriesThe Ohio State University, PittsburghColumbus, Pa.Ohio

    Begley, JA
    professor, Mechanics Department, Westinghouse Research LaboratoriesThe Ohio State University, PittsburghColumbus, Pa.Ohio

    Pages: 16    Published: Jan 1977


    Abstract

    Dynamic fracture toughness tests were performed on four base plate heats and six weldments of SA533 Gr A Cl 2 pressure vessel steel. Linear elastic KId results were obtained at low temperatures while J-integral techniques were utilized to evaluate dynamic toughness over the transition and upper shelf temperature ranges. Loading rates in terms of ˙K were on the order of 2 to 4 × 104 ksi ins(2.2to4.4×104MPams). Charpy and drop weight nil-ductility transition (NDT) tests were performed to permit a comparison of toughness results with the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) code reference toughness KIR curve. Dynamic instrumented precracked Charpy tests on base plate material were included for a comparison with compact toughness (CT) specimen results. All dynamic fracture-toughness values of SA533 Gr A Cl 2 base, weld, and heat affected zone (HAZ) material exceeded the ASME code reference toughness KIR curve. Fracture-toughness values obtained via small specimen dynamic JId tests (1.0 in. (2.5 cm) thick CT specimens) compared well with previously developed large specimen KId values. Dynamic instrumented precracked Charpy toughness values were also comparable at low temperatures but failed to meet minimum J specimen size limitations midway into the transition-temperature range. At this point, Charpy toughness values increased dramatically compared to JId results meeting a 25 JIdf size criterion and, thus, should not be considered a valid representation of fracture toughness. True upper shelf dynamic fracture-toughness results are also presented. The point of crack initiation (which provides the minimum measured value of JId) was identified rather than the typical maximum load point.

    Keywords:

    crack propagation, fractures (materials), steels, alloys


    Paper ID: STP35556S

    Committee/Subcommittee: E08.08

    DOI: 10.1520/STP35556S


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