STP782

    Defect Production Rates by Electrons, Ions and Neutrons in Cubic Metals

    Published: Jan 1982


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    Abstract

    The results of an interlaboratory program to study low temperature damage rates in dilute alloys of 300 ppm Zr in vanadium, niobium and molybdenum with electrons, light ions, fission neutrons and high energy neutrons are summarized. Additional experiments and literature data supplied complete sets of data also for the fcc metals Al, Cu and Pt.

    From the initial damage rates, displacement functions for each material were derived which give the number of stable defects produced by a recoil event of a certain knockon energy. The low and high energy part of the displacement function was determined from the results of the electron and neutron irradiations, respectively, while the light ion data supplied information on the intermediate energy range. The displacement function allows the reliable calculation of atomic displacement rates also for particles and/or energies not employed in this program.

    For all metals the displacement rates for high energy neutrons scaled reasonably with the minimum displacement energies. This allows to estimate neutron damage rates also for those cubic metals where no high energy neutron results are available. For stainless steel e.g. an average displacement energy of about 120 eV is deduced.

    The results are suggested to find practical use in defect calculations for fusion reactor first wall technology and in correlating the corresponding simulation experiments.

    Keywords:

    metals, defect production, damage function, displacement energy, simulation of fusion reactor irradiation, electron irradiation, ion irradiation, neutron irradiation


    Author Information:

    Jung, P
    Institut für Festkörperforschung der Kernforschungsanlage Jülich, Jülich,

    Nielsen, BR
    Institute of Physics, University of Aarhus, Aarhus,

    Andersen, HH
    Institute of Physics, University of Aarhus, Aarhus,

    Bak, JF
    Institute of Physics, University of Aarhus, Aarhus,

    Knudsen, H
    Institute of Physics, University of Aarhus, Aarhus,

    Coltman, RR
    Solid State Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge,

    Klabunde, CE
    Solid State Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge,

    Williams, JM
    Solid State Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge,

    Guinan, MW
    Lawrence Livermore Laboratory, Livermore,

    Violet, CE
    Lawrence Livermore Laboratory, Livermore,


    Paper ID: STP34392S

    Committee/Subcommittee: E10.07

    DOI: 10.1520/STP34392S


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