Gas-Bubble Growth Mechanisms in the Analysis of Metal Fuel Swelling

    Published: Jan 1987

      Format Pages Price  
    PDF (204K) 13 $25   ADD TO CART
    Complete Source PDF (18M) 13 $133   ADD TO CART


    Under steady state conditions, irradiation resorption of fission gas from bubbles limits the swelling rates of metallic fast-reactor fuels to relatively small values. During transient thermal excursions, however, resorption effects diminish relative to thermal kinetics. Various bubble-growth mechanisms then become important components of the swelling These mechanisms include growth by diffusion, for bubbles within grains and on grain boundaries; dislocation nucleation at the bubble surface, or “punchout”; and bubble growth by creep. Analyses of these mechanisms are presented and applied to provide information on the conditions and the relative time scales for which the various processes should dominate fuel swelling. The results are compared to a series of experiments in which the swelling of irradiated metal fuel was determined after annealing at various temperatures and pressures. The diffusive growth of bubbles on grain boundaries is concluded to be dominant in these experiments.


    irradiation, fission gas, swelling, bubble growth, metal fuel, dislocation nucleation, diffusion-controlled growth, creep (swelling), grain boundaries

    Author Information:

    Gruber, EE
    Metallurgist and mechanical engineer, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL

    Kramer, JM
    Metallurgist and mechanical engineer, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL

    Committee/Subcommittee: E10.02

    DOI: 10.1520/STP33834S

    CrossRef ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.