STP569: Fatigue Crack Propagation in 0°/90° E-Glass/Epoxy Composites

    Mandell, JF
    Research associate, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Mass.

    Meier, U
    Head, Swiss Federal Laboratories for Testing Materials and Research (EMPA), Dubendorf,

    Pages: 17    Published: Jan 1975


    Abstract

    The mode of fatigue crack growth is described for a 0/90° E-glass/epoxy laminate under cyclic tension-tension loading. Crack growth appears to occur in a stepwise fashion with the crack remaining stationary for many cycles before each step of growth, whereupon a ligament of longitudinal ply at the crack tip is broken. A simple theory is described which assumes that the ligament at the crack tip is fatigued according to the S-N curve of the unnotched material. Using an assumed stress field and cumulative damage law, the number of cycles for initial growth from a notch and the rate of crack growth thereafter are predicted, and good agreement is demonstrated with experimental data.

    Keywords:

    composite materials, fatigue (materials), cracking (fracturing), fiber reinforced plastics, crack propagation


    Paper ID: STP33163S

    Committee/Subcommittee: E08.05

    DOI: 10.1520/STP33163S


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