STP969: Pressurized Thermal Shock Experiments with Thick Vessels

    Bryan, RH
    Research specialists, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN

    Merkle, JG
    Research specialists, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN

    Nanstad, RK
    Group leader, Metals and Ceramics Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN

    Robinson, GC
    Research specialists, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN

    Pages: 17    Published: Jan 1988


    Abstract

    A 148-mm-thick pressure vessel containing a long axial flaw was subjected to a combined loading of internal pressure and thermal shock. The experiment was performed to investigate the effects of loading sequence on initiation of brittle fracture and the behavior of a crack propagating into ductile regions. Two crack initiation and arrest episodes were generated, in addition to several phases of warm prestressing. Warm prestressing was shown to be effective in inhibiting initiation of cleavage fracture. A crack arrest was observed 88 K above the reference nil-ductility transition temperature (RTNDT) with a stress-intensity factor of 299 MPa √m.

    Keywords:

    fracture mechanics, pressure vessels, nuclear vessels, pressurized thermal, shock tests, combined loads, warm prestressing, brittle fracture, ductile fracture, brittle-ductile transition, crack initiation, crack arrest, steel


    Paper ID: STP33105S

    Committee/Subcommittee: E08.08

    DOI: 10.1520/STP33105S


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