Kinetics of Environmental Degradation in Graphite-Epoxy Laminates

    Published: Jan 1975

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    A detailed study of the kinetics of environmental degradation in graphite-epoxy composites show a close correlation between analytical predictions and experimentally observed changes in interlaminar shear and fracture energy response under high moisture exposure conditions. Unaged composite specimens exhibit high interlaminar shear strength λb ⩾ 850 kg/cm2 (12 000 psi) and relatively low fracture energy Wb/A ≅ 10 to 20 kg cm/cm2 (56 to 112 lb in./in.2). Exposure to 95 percent relative humidity or water immersion at 100°C (212°F) for times t ⩾ 200 h produces a 30 to 50 percent reduction in λb accompanied by a concurrent two to fivefold increase in Wb/A and acoustic energy absorption. These property changes are shown to be irreversible and directly related to cumulative moisture degradation of the fiber-matrix interfacial bond. The magnitudes of these property changes are consistent with surface energy analysis and micromechanics predictions.


    composite materials, environments, degradation, interfaces, bonding, fracture strength, shear strength

    Author Information:

    Kaelble, DH
    Science Center, Rockwell International, Thousand Oaks, Calif.

    Dynes, PJ
    Science Center, Rockwell International, Thousand Oaks, Calif.

    Crane, LW
    Science Center, Rockwell International, Thousand Oaks, Calif.

    Maus, L
    Rockwell International, Tulsa, Okla.

    Committee/Subcommittee: D30.06

    DOI: 10.1520/STP32312S

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