STP571

    Acoustic Emission in the Frequency Domain

    Published: Jan 1975


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    Abstract

    A means for quickly and easily determining the broadband frequency content of acoustic bursts as short as 20 μs in duration has been developed using a video tape recorder and a standard spectrum analyzer. It is shown by examples from several tests on laboratory specimens and on large structures that the frequency content of an acoustic burst is related to the mechanism which produced it and is not affected substantially by the specimen size or by mode conversion due to multiple reflections in the structure. The frequency content of the burst can be changed in two ways, however: by the frequency-dependent attenuation of the propagation medium and in the cases where the medium is dispersive. Results of measurements on the effect of these factors in a variety of structures are given. Although acoustic emissions from many materials tend to be “white noise,” several examples of acoustic emissions and extraneous background noise bursts having distinctive frequency spectra are given which suggest possibilities for discriminating true acoustic emission signals from background noise on the basis of frequency content alone.

    Keywords:

    acoustics, emission, spectrum analysis, tape recorders, plastic deformation, crack propogation, ultrasonic frequencies, transmission loss, wave dispersion, Lamb waves


    Author Information:

    Graham, LJ
    Senior staff associate and group leader, Science Center, Rockwell International, Thousand Oaks, Calif.

    Alers, GA
    Senior staff associate and group leader, Science Center, Rockwell International, Thousand Oaks, Calif.


    Paper ID: STP32243S

    Committee/Subcommittee: E07.04

    DOI: 10.1520/STP32243S


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