STP840

    Effectiveness of Oil Spill Dispersants at Low Salinities and Low Water Temperatures

    Published: Jan 1984


      Format Pages Price  
    PDF Version (184K) 14 $25   ADD TO CART
    Complete Source PDF (6.3M) 14 $59   ADD TO CART


    Abstract

    The effect of ambient low salinity and low temperature in the Baltic Sea on the effectiveness of dispersants was investigated in the laboratory using a Mackay-Nadeau-Steelman apparatus. Three dispersants were tested on two oils (fresh and weathered crude) at different water temperatures (4, 12, and 15°C) and different salinities (3, 7, and 12‰). The results show a strong dependency on water temperature for all the dispersants tested, although one chemical was less sensitive than the others in this respect. The dispersants showed significant differences between their sensitivity to changes in salinity and in the relationships between effectiveness and dosage. The stability of the dispersion obtained seems to be influenced by both type of oil and water temperature, and some difference between the chemicals could be found also in this respect. The parameters studied strongly affected the performance of the dispersants. It is therefore essential to make a careful choice of dispersants for use in low salinity environments such as the Baltic Sea.

    Keywords:

    dispersant, oil spill, dispersant effectiveness, Mackay-testing, low salinity waters, Baltic Sea, dispersant performance


    Author Information:

    Lehtinen, CM
    research associategraduate student, Swedish Environmental Research Institute, Baltic Sea LaboratoryInstitute of Physical Chemistry, Åbo Academy, KarlskronaTurku,

    Vesala, A-M
    research associategraduate student, Swedish Environmental Research Institute, Baltic Sea LaboratoryInstitute of Physical Chemistry, Åbo Academy, KarlskronaTurku,


    Paper ID: STP30232S

    Committee/Subcommittee: F20.18

    DOI: 10.1520/STP30232S


    CrossRef ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.