STP817: Criteria for the Development of Coyote Lures

    Fagre, DB
    Postdoctoral fellow, professor and vertebrate ecologist, and postdoctoral fellow, Wildlife and Fisheries Biology, University of California, Davis, Calif.

    Howard, WE
    Postdoctoral fellow, professor and vertebrate ecologist, and postdoctoral fellow, Wildlife and Fisheries Biology, University of California, Davis, Calif.

    Barnum, DA
    Postdoctoral fellow, professor and vertebrate ecologist, and postdoctoral fellow, Wildlife and Fisheries Biology, University of California, Davis, Calif.

    Teranishi, R
    Research leader and research chemists, Western Regional Research Center, Agricultural Research Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Berkeley, Calif.

    Schultz, TH
    Research leader and research chemists, Western Regional Research Center, Agricultural Research Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Berkeley, Calif.

    Stern, DJ
    Research leader and research chemists, Western Regional Research Center, Agricultural Research Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Berkeley, Calif.

    Pages: 13    Published: Jan 1983


    Abstract

    The behavioral responses that coyote lures must elicit to attract coyotes to control devices and the chemical characteristics of lures that are required for practical field use are described. These criteria are being applied to the development of a new lure, designated the W-U lure. The first phase involves isolation, identification, and bioassay of key attractants found in coyote urine and anal sacs. Some of these chemicals have been formulated into the W-U lure, which elicits a greater degree of response from captive coyotes than any other synthetic lure and all but one commercial lure tested to date. The second phase of lure development entails standardized evaluations of the W-U lure by comparing it with other attractants in the field using a modified scent station survey. Distributing the W-U lure to field personnel responsible for controlling coyote damage also provides invaluable feedback, but standardized comparisons cannot be made. Preliminary results from both sources of field evaluation indicate that the W-U lure can contribute to improving coyote management.

    Keywords:

    vertebrate pest control, coyote, lure, odor attractant


    Paper ID: STP30188S

    Committee/Subcommittee: E35.17

    DOI: 10.1520/STP30188S


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