STP637

    Finite-Element Analysis of Crack Growth Under Monotonic and Cyclic Loading

    Published: Jan 1977


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    Abstract

    An elastic-plastic (incremental) finite-element analysis, in conjunction with a crack-growth criterion, was used to study crack-growth behavior under monotonic and cyclic loading. The crack-growth criterion was based on crack-tip strain. Whenever the crack-tip strain equals or exceeds a critical strain value, the crack grows. The effects of element-mesh size, critical strain, strain hardening, and specimen type (tension or bending) on crack growth under monotonic loading were investigated. Crack growth under cyclic loading (constant amplitude and simple variable amplitude) were also studied. A combined hardening theory, which incorporates features of both isotropic and kinematic hardening under cyclic loading, was also developed for smooth yield surfaces and was used in the analysis.

    Keywords:

    stresses, strains, fatigue (materials), crack propagation, fractures, elastic analysis, strain hardening


    Author Information:

    Newman, JC
    Research engineer, NASA-Langley Research Center, Hampton, Va


    Paper ID: STP27988S

    Committee/Subcommittee: E08.05

    DOI: 10.1520/STP27988S


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