STP711: A Theoretical Model for Crack Propagation and Crack Arrest in Pressurized Pipelines

    McGuire, PA
    Researcher, principal researcher, and research leader, Battelle Columbus Laboratories, Columbus, Ohio

    Sampath, SG
    Researcher, principal researcher, and research leader, Battelle Columbus Laboratories, Columbus, Ohio

    Popelar, CH
    Professor, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio

    Kanninen, MF
    Researcher, principal researcher, and research leader, Battelle Columbus Laboratories, Columbus, Ohio

    Pages: 18    Published: Jan 1980


    Abstract

    The further development of a mathematical model for steady-state crack propagation in a pressurized pipeline is described. A key parameter in the model—the location of the plastic yield hinge relative to the moving crack tip—was determined by forcing agreement with crack speeds observed in the full-scale line pipe tests. The maximum crack driving force predicted by the model was then taken as a measure of the minimum fracture toughness value required for crack arrest. Comparisons with existing empirical formulations derived by Battelle, the American Iron and Steel Institute, British Steel, and the British Gas Council for the minimum required toughness values for crack arrest were made to demonstrate the reasonableness of this approach.

    Keywords:

    crack arrest, pipelines, arrest toughness, crack speeds


    Paper ID: STP27456S

    Committee/Subcommittee: E08.93

    DOI: 10.1520/STP27456S


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