STP989

    Evaluation of Protective Clothing Materials Challenged by Petroleum and Synfuel Fluids

    Published: Jan 1988


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    Abstract

    The permeation characteristics of eleven petroleum, coal, and shale oil hydrocarbon liquids through eight different types of glove were measured over 24 h. Two analytical techniques, photoionization and room-temperature phosphorescence of polynuclear aromatic compounds, were used to measure breakthrough times by volatile and low-volatility constituents, respectively. Serious drawbacks to the general use of these techniques for measuring steady-state rates of permeation were noted.

    The lighter, smaller molecular-size constituents permeated faster than the larger, multi-ringed aromatic constituents. For the light hydrocarbon fuels, especially gasoline, there was preferential permeation by benzene and toluene. Nitrile was severely corroded after extended exposure to hydroxybenzene-containing coal-derived liquids. A general ranking, from worst to best, of the protection afforded by the different gloves was latex ≪ neoprene < butyl rubber, polyvinyl chloride (PVC) < nitrile < Viton, Tyvek/Saranex 23, and polyvinyl alcohol (PVA). No breakthroughs within 24 h were observed with the latter three glove materials.

    Keywords:

    liquid hydrocarbon fuels, glove materials, breakthrough time, photoionization detection, room-temperature phosphorescence, volatile organic compounds, polynuclear aromatics, protective clothing


    Author Information:

    Gammage, RB
    Manager, Occupational Health Research Programs; technical associate, Environmental Compliance and Health Protection; and group leader, Advanced Monitoring Development, Health and Safety Research Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN

    Dreibelbis, WG
    Industrial hygienist, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA

    Allen White, D
    Manager, Occupational Health Research Programs; technical associate, Environmental Compliance and Health Protection; and group leader, Advanced Monitoring Development, Health and Safety Research Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN

    Vo-Dinh, T
    Manager, Occupational Health Research Programs; technical associate, Environmental Compliance and Health Protection; and group leader, Advanced Monitoring Development, Health and Safety Research Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN

    Huguenard, JD
    School teacher, Jefferson County High School, Talbott, TN


    Paper ID: STP26299S

    Committee/Subcommittee: F23.96

    DOI: 10.1520/STP26299S


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