STP1073

    Standards for the Playing Quality of Natural Turf for Association Football

    Published: Jan 1990


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    Abstract

    For athletic fields used for soccer (association football), important components of playing quality include: ball rebound resilience, rolling resistance, traction (i.e., grip), and hardness. Other criteria related to, but not direct measures of, playing quality include surface evenness, grass cover, and water infiltration rate.

    Standards of playing quality were developed on the basis of comparisons between players' perceptions of surfaces and the results of objective tests taken on the fields within 2 h of matches. Questionnaires were collected from 444 football players at 20 different fields. The fields were tested in the same locations within each field at six 5 by 5-m plots.

    The results were used to formulate standards in the form of “preferred” and “acceptable” limits for each component of playing quality. The apparatus, test methods, and proposed standards for association football fields are described.

    Keywords:

    playing fields, standards, playing quality, ball rebound resilience, ball rolling resistance, traction, hardness, player evaluation


    Author Information:

    Canaway, PM
    The Sports Turf Research Institute, Bingley, West Yorkshire

    Bell, MJ
    The Sports Turf Research Institute, Bingley, West Yorkshire

    Holmes, G
    The Sports Turf Research Institute, Bingley, West Yorkshire

    Baker, SW
    The Sports Turf Research Institute, Bingley, West Yorkshire


    Paper ID: STP25347S

    Committee/Subcommittee: F08.52

    DOI: 10.1520/STP25347S


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