STP953: A Biomechanical and Histological Examination of Different Surface Treatments of Titanium Implants for Total Joint Replacement

    Saha, S
    Professor and coordinator of bioengineering, Louisiana State University Medical Center, Shreveport, LA

    Albright, JA
    Professor and chairman, and assistant professor, Louisiana State University Medical CenterCenter for Hip and Knee Surgery, ShreveportIndianapolis, LAIN

    Keating, ME
    Professor and chairman, and assistant professor, Louisiana State University Medical CenterCenter for Hip and Knee Surgery, ShreveportIndianapolis, LAIN

    Misra, RP
    Professor, Louisiana State University Medical Center, Shreveport, LA

    Pages: 10    Published: Jan 1987


    Abstract

    The objective of this study was to evaluate biomechanically and histologically the effectiveness of different surfaces—specifically, smooth, textured, and plasma-sprayed porous surfaces—on titanium implants in achieving stable fixation for total joint replacements.

    Hollow cylindrical metal plugs (5 to 6 mm in diameter) with different surfaces were implanted in the femora of two dogs. After five months of implantation, pull-out tests were carried out on these cylinders. The ultimate shear strengths were 11.54 ± 2.96, 3.17 ± 0.81, and 1.04 ± 0.32 N/m2 for the plasma-sprayed, textured, and smooth surfaces, respectively. As expected, the smooth cylinders showed the minimum pull-out strengths and the porous-coated ones the maximum. Histological examination showed maximum bony ingrowth in the plasma-sprayed group and moderate growth in the textured group. Our results suggest that a textured surface or a porous coating (plasma spray) on titanium implants could significantly improve the long-term stability of uncemented total joint replacements.

    Keywords:

    porous implants, porous coating, titanium, shear strength, plasma-sprayed porous coating


    Paper ID: STP25239S

    Committee/Subcommittee: F04.93

    DOI: 10.1520/STP25239S


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