STP1196

    Early History of Calcium Phosphate Materials and Coatings

    Published: Jan 1994


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    Abstract

    Bioactive calcium phosphate materials were developed by Driskell and his co-workers at Battelle Memorial Institute's Columbus Laboratories and successfully implanted At the U. S. Army Institute of Dental Research at Walter Reed Army Medical Center. in 1971. Coatings of these materials were applied to dental implants in 1972. Disappointment with results of earlier research and development of “bioinert” ceramic implant materials and coatings stimulated this departure into bioactive materials development. Subsequent work by Hubbard Jarcho, Kay, and numerous other researchers resulted in the development of additional variations of calcium phosphate materials and coatings. The substance of this research is the foundation upon which the field of calcium phosphate materials technology and hydroxlapatite coatings has developed.

    Keywords:

    ceramic implants, bioactive materials, Calcium phosphates, Synthetic bone grafting materials, resorbable biomaterials, bioactive coatings, implant coatings, hydroxylapatite


    Author Information:

    Driskell, TD
    Director of Research and Development, Stryker Corporation, Kalamazoo, MI


    Paper ID: STP25177S

    Committee/Subcommittee: F04.13

    DOI: 10.1520/STP25177S


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