STP1142

    A Field-Scale Study of the Use of Paper Industry Sludges as Hydraulic Barriers in Landfill Cover Systems

    Published: Jan 1994


      Format Pages Price  
    PDF Version (184K) 13 $25   ADD TO CART
    Complete Source PDF (14M) 13 $82   ADD TO CART


    Abstract

    Four field-scale landfill cover test cells have been constructed in order to facilitate a comparison of the field performance of sludge and clay hydraulic barriers. Two covers contain clay as the barrier material, one contains a paper mill primary sludge, and one contains a paper mill combined (primary and biological) sludge. One of the clay cells is designed to allow for a field verification study of the Hydrologic Evaluation of Landfill Performance (HELP) model.

    Both sludge cells have produced smaller volumes of seepage and greater volumes of runoff than the clay cells to date. Calculated barrier hydraulic conductivities for the paper mill sludges are somewhat lower than those values calculated for the clay.

    Keywords:

    Hydraulic conductivity, runoff, seepage, HELP model, paper mill sludge, evapotranspiration, landfill cover, water balance


    Author Information:

    Maltby, V
    Research Scientist and Research Assistant, National Council of the Paper Industry for Air and Stream Improvement, Western Michigan University, Kalamazoo, MI

    Eppstein, LK
    Research Scientist and Research Assistant, National Council of the Paper Industry for Air and Stream Improvement, Western Michigan University, Kalamazoo, MI


    Paper ID: STP23907S

    Committee/Subcommittee: D18.04

    DOI: 10.1520/STP23907S


    CrossRef ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.