STP1140: The Needs of Users and Their Response to Materials Databanks

    Hossain, K
    Head, National Physical Laboratory, Teddington, Middlesex

    Barry, T
    Head, National Physical Laboratory, Teddington, Middlesex

    Pages: 11    Published: Jan 1992


    Abstract

    The commercial and design requirements for data at the conception of a product and at each stage of its design for processing, use and ultimate disposal place great demands on materials information. The breadth and depth of need are examined in relation to the ways in which they influence the choice of sources and types of data. It can be seen from this approach that those with the ability to draw on and make use of data from a wide range of sources have an obvious advantage in product innovation. A survey in the UK of the response of potential users of materials information systems is reviewed and possible solutions to user resistance examined.

    A problem not exclusive to computer based systems of materials information lies in the near certainty that they contain errors and gaps in the data and have limited ranges of application. Moreover, if they are knowledge based or offer powerful facilities for predicting materials properties using models, due care has to be taken to ensure that they are not misused, leading to users obtaining erroneous solutions. For these reasons materials databases should provide traceability not only to data sources and software but also to user input.

    Keywords:

    Databases, databanks, traceability, data quality, information management, user resistance


    Paper ID: STP23723S

    Committee/Subcommittee: E49.05

    DOI: 10.1520/STP23723S


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