STP1030

    Modeling of Thermal Resistance Test Configurations That Use Thin Heaters

    Published: Jan 1990


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    Abstract

    The usefulness of a large unguarded thin screen heater as an integral part of a thermal resistance measurement apparatus for insulations has been demonstrated. Thermal modeling of existing and proposed test configurations can be used to establish applicability. HEATINGS, a general purpose conduction program, has been used to obtain the temperature distributions encountered in linear and radial heat flow testers with thin heaters.

    Thermal simulations of the existing screen tester have been used to determine the effects of specimen thickness and thermal resistance on measurement errors. Simulation results were obtained for test configurations in order to provide a basis for design improvement (i.e., the effect of increasing levels of edge insulations on the apparent thermal conductivities obtained with the tester).

    The extent to which limited edge guarding extends the operating range of a flat tester has been examined using HEATING5. A gradient guard along the edge of the specimen in the tester reduces the measurement errors due to edge heat loss. The improvement predicted by HEATING5 in measurement accuracy of a thin heater apparatus due to edge guarding that approximately matches the mean temperature on the edges with the mean temperature in the metering section has been examined experimentally.

    Keywords:

    thermal insulation, R-value, unguarded test, thin heater, edge loss, end loss, thermal modeling, thermal resistance, apparent thermal conductivity


    Author Information:

    Yarbrough, DW
    Building Materials Group, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN

    McElroy, DL
    Building Materials Group, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN

    Graves, RS
    Building Materials Group, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN


    Paper ID: STP23327S

    Committee/Subcommittee: C16.30

    DOI: 10.1520/STP23327S


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