STP933

    Waste Immobilization in Cement-Based Grouts

    Published: Jan 1986


      Format Pages Price  
    PDF (260K) 12 $25   ADD TO CART
    Complete Source PDF (6.3M) 12 $69   ADD TO CART


    Abstract

    This paper shows that immobilization of industrial and hazardous wastes in cement-based grouts is technically feasible and offers an improved method of waste disposal. Experiments were performed on four simulated waste streams immobilized in cement-based grouts: (1) fly ash; (2) spent limestone scrubber solids; (3) pickling liquor and recovery sludge containing arsenic, cadmium, chromium, copper, manganese, and lead; and (4) a vacuum pump oil containing polychlorinated biphenols (PCBs), Lindane (hexachlorocyclohexane), pentachlorophenol, and 9-9′-dichlorofluorene. The classes of organic compounds represented by this fourth waste are (1) PCB, chlorinated cyclohexane, chlorinated phenol, and PNA, respectively. Leach tests were performed with a simulated ground water typical of aquifers found in Maryville limestone.

    Keywords:

    waste immobilization, cement-based grouts, arsenic, cadmium, chromium, copper, mercury, manganese, lead, selenium, polychlorinated biphenols (PCBs)


    Author Information:

    Gilliam, TM
    Waste Immobilization Technologies, Engineering Development Section, Chemical Technology Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN

    Dole, LR
    Waste Immobilization Technologies, Engineering Development Section, Chemical Technology Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN

    McDaniel, EW
    Waste Immobilization Technologies, Engineering Development Section, Chemical Technology Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN


    Paper ID: STP23085S

    Committee/Subcommittee: D34.07

    DOI: 10.1520/STP23085S


    CrossRef ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.