STP933: Waste Immobilization in Cement-Based Grouts

    Gilliam, TM
    Waste Immobilization Technologies, Engineering Development Section, Chemical Technology Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN

    Dole, LR
    Waste Immobilization Technologies, Engineering Development Section, Chemical Technology Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN

    McDaniel, EW
    Waste Immobilization Technologies, Engineering Development Section, Chemical Technology Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN

    Pages: 12    Published: Jan 1986


    Abstract

    This paper shows that immobilization of industrial and hazardous wastes in cement-based grouts is technically feasible and offers an improved method of waste disposal. Experiments were performed on four simulated waste streams immobilized in cement-based grouts: (1) fly ash; (2) spent limestone scrubber solids; (3) pickling liquor and recovery sludge containing arsenic, cadmium, chromium, copper, manganese, and lead; and (4) a vacuum pump oil containing polychlorinated biphenols (PCBs), Lindane (hexachlorocyclohexane), pentachlorophenol, and 9-9′-dichlorofluorene. The classes of organic compounds represented by this fourth waste are (1) PCB, chlorinated cyclohexane, chlorinated phenol, and PNA, respectively. Leach tests were performed with a simulated ground water typical of aquifers found in Maryville limestone.

    Keywords:

    waste immobilization, cement-based grouts, arsenic, cadmium, chromium, copper, mercury, manganese, lead, selenium, polychlorinated biphenols (PCBs)


    Paper ID: STP23085S

    Committee/Subcommittee: D34.07

    DOI: 10.1520/STP23085S


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