STP1024: Respiratory Infection and Oxidants

    Frampton, MW
    Assistant Professor of Medicine, Pulmonary Unit, and associate professor of medicine, University of Rochester School of Medicine, Rochester, NY

    Roberts, NJ
    Assistant Professor of Medicine, Pulmonary Unit, and associate professor of medicine, University of Rochester School of Medicine, Rochester, NY

    Pages: 10    Published: Jan 1989


    Abstract

    Oxidant pollutants in the atmosphere, particularly ozone and nitrogen dioxide, can injure components of the respiratory tract important in the defense against infection. Epidemiologic studies have not conclusively associated elevated oxidant levels with an increased incidence of respiratory infections, but considerable experimental evidence in animals links oxidant exposure to impaired antibacterial defense and alterations in various alveolar macrophage functions. Oxidants may impair the immune response to viral infection, and thus alter the manifestations of community-acquired infections. Current studies of human responses to ambient levels of oxidants may provide a framework for the extrapolation of animal data to humans, and may define specific mechanisms of injury.

    Keywords:

    pollutants, nitrogen dioxide, ozone, immune defense, bacterial infection, viral infection, respiratory infection


    Paper ID: STP22837S

    Committee/Subcommittee: D22.03

    DOI: 10.1520/STP22837S


    CrossRef ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.