STP1561: Combustion Products of Bulk Aluminum Rods Burning in High-Pressure Oxygen

    Plagens, Owen
    School of Chemistry, Physics and Mechanical Engineering, Queensland Univ. of Technology, Brisbane, Queensland

    Lynn, David
    School of Chemistry, Physics and Mechanical Engineering, Queensland Univ. of Technology, Brisbane, Queensland

    Castillo, Martin
    School of Chemistry, Physics and Mechanical Engineering, Queensland Univ. of Technology, Brisbane, Queensland

    Paulos, Todd
    Alejo Engineering Inc., Huntington Beach, CA

    Steinberg, Theodore
    School of Chemistry, Physics and Mechanical Engineering, Queensland Univ. of Technology, Brisbane, Queensland

    Pages: 12    Published: Nov 2012


    Abstract

    Characterization of the combustion products released during the burning of commonly used engineering metallic materials may aid in material selection and risk assessment for the design of oxygen systems. The characterization of combustion products in regard to size distribution and morphology gives useful information for systems addressing fire detection. Aluminum rods (3.2-mm-diameter cylinders) were vertically mounted inside a combustion chamber and ignited in pressurized oxygen by resistively heating an aluminum/palladium igniter wire attached to the bottom of the test sample. This paper describes the experimental work conducted to establish the particle-size distribution and morphology of the resultant combustion products collected after the burning was completed and subsequently analyzed. In general, the combustion products consisted of a re-solidified oxidized slag and many small hollow spheres of size ranging from about 500 nm to 1000 μm in diameter, surfaced with quenched dendritic and grain-like structures. The combustion products were characterized using optical and scanning electron microscopy.

    Keywords:

    combustion products, bulk aluminum, particle size, morphology, aluminum, aluminum oxide


    Paper ID: STP20120011

    Committee/Subcommittee: G04.01

    DOI: 10.1520/STP20120011


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