STP1062: Direct Determination of Part-per-Billion Levels of Volatile Organics in Water and Soil Samples Using Glow Discharge Mass Spectrometry

    Wise, MB
    research staff memberSection Head of the Organic Chemistry Section, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee

    Guerin, MR
    research staff memberSection Head of the Organic Chemistry Section, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee

    Pages: 14    Published: Jan 1990


    Abstract

    A low pressure glow discharge ion source has been constructed in our laboratory and interfaced with a quadrupole mass spectrometer for the direct monitoring of trace organic vapors in air. Important features of the ion source include a simple design, low cost, low maintenance, and the ability to sample air directly without the need for membranes, splitters, or capillary restrictors. Although the flow rate of air into the source is approximately 2 standard mL /s, the pressure within the ionization region is maintained at 200 mTorr which reduces interferences caused by the formation of water cluster ions. Furthermore, the high flow rate of air into the ion source provides a simple and convenient means of purging volatile organics from water or soil samples directly into the mass spectrometer without additional apparatus or extensive samples directly into the mass spectrometer without additional apparatus or extensive sample preparation. Early studies with this system indicate that low part-per-billion levels of volatile organics such as benzene or trichloroethylene can be quantitatively determined in water and soil samples either by monitoring headspace above a sample or by direct purging. Analysis time of 2–5 min provides a high throughput of 10 or more samples per hour.

    Keywords:

    mass spectrometry, glow discharge ionization, volatile organics, water analysis, soil analysis, direct analysis, purging


    Paper ID: STP18956S

    Committee/Subcommittee: D34.01

    DOI: 10.1520/STP18956S


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