Associate professor, US Air Force Academy, USAFA, CO
Professor, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, VA
Pages: 23 Published: Jan 1993
The effect of physical aging on the creep response of a Radel X/IM7 thermoplastic composite was studied. Momentary tensile creep tests were conducted at increasing aging times following a rapid quench from above the glass transition temperature (Tg) to a sub-Tg aging temperature. As the aging time increased, the creep response of the material significantly decreased. The tensile creep compliance data for each aging time were fit to the empirical equation for the creep compliance D(t)
The effect of physical aging becomes more apparent during long-term tests when creep and aging occur simultaneously. This results in a gradual stiffening and decrease in the creep response with increased time. Predictions based solely on the Time-Temperature Superposition Principle would significantly over-predict the creep response if physical aging effects were ignored. Theoretical predictions for long-term creep compliance were made using an effective time theory and compared to long-term experimental data for each fiber orientation.
physical aging, thermoplastic composite, creep compliance, principal compliance matrix, linear viscoelasticity, time-temperature superposition principle
Paper ID: STP18055S