STP900

    A Critical Appraisal of Test Methods for Thermal Protective Clothing Fabrics

    Published: Jan 1986


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    Abstract

    This paper discusses the merits and deficiencies of some existing and proposed test methods for the evaluation of fabrics intended for protection against radiant heat and flame. Modifications to improve the apparatus and the procedures are suggested.

    The factors investigated include (1) the means used to obtain a given radiant or convective heat flux; (2) the type, design, and construction of the heat sensor; and (3) the specimen mounting.

    Standard Test Methods British Standard for Clothing for Protection Against Intense Heat for Short Periods (BS 3791), ISO Test for Evaluation of Thermal Behaviour of Materials and Materials When Exposed to a Source of Radiant Heat (ISO 6942-1981) and ASTM Test for Thermal Protective Performance of Materials for Clothing by Open-Flame Method (D 4108-82) are considered, together with the radiant heat test method proposed in the Federal Aviation Administration's Proposed Flammability Standard for Commercial Transport Flight Attendant Uniforms (FAA-RD-75-176).

    Keywords:

    radiant heat, convective heat, test methods, protective clothing, heat sensor, calorimeter, specimen mounting


    Author Information:

    Hoschke, BN
    Principal research scientist, senior research scientist, and senior technical officer, CSIRO Division of Textile Physics, Ryde, New South Wales

    Holcombe, BV
    Principal research scientist, senior research scientist, and senior technical officer, CSIRO Division of Textile Physics, Ryde, New South Wales

    Plante, AM
    Principal research scientist, senior research scientist, and senior technical officer, CSIRO Division of Textile Physics, Ryde, New South Wales


    Paper ID: STP17325S

    Committee/Subcommittee: F23.96

    DOI: 10.1520/STP17325S


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