Effects of Helium/DPA Ratio, Alloy Composition and Cold Work on Microstructural Evolution and Hardening of 59Ni-Doped Fe-Cr-Ni Alloys Neutron-Irradiated at 465°C

    Published: Jan 1996

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    Three ternary austenitic alloys(Fe-15Cr-25Ni, Fe-15Cr-25Ni-0.04P, Fe-15Cr-45Ni in both annealed and cold worked conditions) were irradiated at 465°C to 0.15, 0.28, and 0.42 dpa at above core position in the Fast Flux Test Facility utilizing the Materials Open Test Assembly to study the separate and synergistic effects of He/dpa ratio, phosphorus addition, nickel content and cold work level on microstructural evolution and hardening. The helium/dpa ratio was varied by isotopic doping with 59Ni to enhance the production rate of helium. The helium production rate was evaluated to be 62 appm He/dpa in the 59Ni-doped specimens and 0.26 appm He/dpa in the undoped specimens.

    Transmission electron microscopic examinations revealed that alloy composition affected significantly the evolution of microstructure during irradiation. Phosphorus addition prevented the formation of Frank loops through the precipitation of phosphide. Nickel content influenced the nucleation of cavities. Helium production rate influenced the densities of dot-typed clusters in 25Ni alloys and cavities in 45Ni alloys.


    helium, helium/dpa ratio, phosphorus, cold work, Fe-Ni-Cr alloy

    Author Information:

    Kawanishi, H
    Research Associate, University of Tokyo, Tokyo,

    Hamilton, ML
    Senior Scientist and Staff Scientist, Pacific Northwest Laboratory, Richland, WA

    Garner, FA
    Senior Scientist and Staff Scientist, Pacific Northwest Laboratory, Richland, WA

    Committee/Subcommittee: E10.08

    DOI: 10.1520/STP16511S

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