STP1297: A Micromechanical Model for Creep Damage and Its Application to Crack Growth in a 12% Cr Steel

    Sester, M
    Scientist, scientist, and senior scientist and head of department, Fraunhofer Institute for the Mechanics of Materials, Freiburg,

    Mohrmann, R
    Scientist, scientist, and senior scientist and head of department, Fraunhofer Institute for the Mechanics of Materials, Freiburg,

    Riedel, H
    Scientist, scientist, and senior scientist and head of department, Fraunhofer Institute for the Mechanics of Materials, Freiburg,

    Pages: 17    Published: Jan 1997


    Abstract

    If creep cavities on grain boundaries grow by the constrained diffusive mechanism, partly cavitated boundary facets act mechanically like microcracks. Two cell models, one based on a cylindrical cell and the other on a regular tetrakaidekahedron, are worked out numerically to explore the influence of a distribution of microcracks on the constitutive response of a creeping solid. The results confirm the predictions of analytical estimates based on the differential self-consistent method of Rodin and Parks [5]. The Rodin and Parks model is then combined with the Robinson model [9] to provide a comprehensive model covering primary, secondary, and tertiary creep under arbitrary loading conditions. The combined model is implemented in the finite element code ABAQUS. The model is adjusted to a set of creep curves for a 12% Cr steel (X 20 CrMoV 12 1), and tests on compact specimens are successfully modeled.

    Keywords:

    creep damage, cell models, self-consistent analyses, constitutive modeling, finite element simulation, creep crack growth


    Paper ID: STP16316S

    Committee/Subcommittee: E08.06

    DOI: 10.1520/STP16316S


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