Assistant professor, Louisiana Tech University, Ruston, LA
Graduate research assistant, School of Materials Science and Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA
Professor, The George W. Woodruff School of Mechanical Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA
Professor and chair, School of Materials Science and Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA
Pages: 18 Published: Jan 1997
The experimental analysis of high temperature fracture in Aluminum Alloy 2519-T87 presented in Part I of this paper highlighted the creep-brittle fracture characteristics of the material and showed reasonable correlation of crack growth rates with the stress intensity factor K. Part II continues this investigation numerically using growing crack finite element analyses. Experimentally observed crack growth histories of four aluminum 2519-T87 compact specimens are enforced by controlling the rate of release of finite element nodes along the crack growth path to gain insight into the relation of the crack tip fields to far field fracture parameters and to crack growth rates. A variable time-step, nodal-release algorithm is presented to model the high strain rates that occur during the initial stages of crack growth. The numerical results indicate an initial transient period of crack growth followed by a quasi-steady-state crack growth regime in which the crack tip fields change slowly with increasing crack length. Transition of crack growth to the quasi-steady-state regime, where similitude and small-scale creep conditions roughly exist, is given by a transition time tg that depends on the crack growth history and material properties. Excellent correlation of the stress intensity factor K with the crack growth rates is observed after time tg. Experimental difficulties in measuring the creep component of the load-line deflection rate are also discussed.
creep, crack, propagation, aluminum, creep-brittle, fracture, finite element analysis
Paper ID: STP16315S