STP1284

    A Review of Phosphate Ester Fire Resistance Mechanisms and Their Relevance to Fluid Testing

    Published: Jan 1996


      Format Pages Price  
    PDF (124K) 8 $25   ADD TO CART
    Complete Source PDF (3.3M) 8 $55   ADD TO CART


    Abstract

    The fire resistance of phosphate esters is primarily a result of properties imparted by the phosphate nucleus. These properties make triaryl phosphate esters difficult to ignite and cause them to self-extinguish. Fluid fire resistance is a function of different chemical and/or physical characteristics depending on fire test configuration. Studies performed on phosphate esters for flame retardant and fire extinguishing applications provide useful analogies to fluid fire resistance. The soaked cube fire test predicts the oxidation exotherm temperature of a fluid on steam pipe lagging. The impact of fluid properties on the decomposition and ignition temperature is discussed. A simple extension of the fire point test was used to illustrate the fire resistance of various phosphate ester/polyol ester mixtures. The transition to a self-extinguishing mixture occurs over a narrow phosphate ester concentration range.

    Keywords:

    triaryl phosphate esters, fire resistant fluids, flame retardant mechanisms, lagging fires, self-extinguishing fluids


    Author Information:

    Marolewski, TA
    Research Manager, Akzo Nobel Chemicals Inc., Dobbs Ferry, NY

    Weil, ED
    Professor, Polymer Research Institute, Polytechnic University, Brooklyn, NY


    Paper ID: STP16283S

    Committee/Subcommittee: D02.N0

    DOI: 10.1520/STP16283S


    CrossRef ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.