STP1272

    Corrosion Behavior of Dental Casting Alloys Coupled with Titanium

    Published: Jan 1996


      Format Pages Price  
    PDF (284K) 11 $25   ADD TO CART
    Complete Source PDF (9.2M) 11 $87   ADD TO CART


    Abstract

    Titanium and titanium alloys are used in dental implants and may come in contact with other dental casting alloys that are used in suprastructure restorative materials. This paper reports on the corrosion behavior of couples consisting of titanium and one of the dental casting alloys, Ni-Cr, Co-Cr, Au-Pd-Ag or Pd-Ag. Alloys and Ti were studied using materials in the cast condition. Potentiodynamic polarization techniques were used for making electrochemical measurements on the alloys and couples in artificial saliva at 37 °C. Corrosion potentials, corrosion rates and general corrosion behavior, including passivation range and breakdown potentials, were determined for all materials and couples. Results showed that the corrosion potential and protection potential of a given couple were close to the respective potentials of the less noble component. The protection potential of the Ni-Cr alloy, singly and coupled with titanium, was negative to the corrosion potential, indicating that this material could be subject to localized corrosion. Corrosion rates of all couples were increased slightly over corrosion rates of the single components.

    Keywords:

    Dental casting alloys, titanium, corrosion, couples, palladium-silver, gold-silver, nickel chromium, cobalt-chromium


    Author Information:

    Chohayeb, AA
    Howard University, Wash., DC, N.W.

    Fraker, AC
    National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), Gaithersburg, MD

    Eichmiller, FC
    American Dental Association Health Foundation, Paffenbarger Res. Center, NIST,

    Waterstrat, R
    National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), Gaithersburg, MD

    Boyd, J
    Howard University, Wash., DC, N.W.


    Paper ID: STP16079S

    Committee/Subcommittee: F04.19

    DOI: 10.1520/STP16079S


    CrossRef ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.