STP1291

    Analysis of Radioactive Waste Samples by Ion Chromatography-beta-ICP-MS

    Published: Jan 1995


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    Abstract

    A comprehensive ion chromatography (IC) with beta-counting (beta) and inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) detection approach has been developed to separate and detect 20 radionuclides in a Hanford waste tank sample. The IC separation was performed using a multifunctional group (anion/cation) resin and eluents of oxalic acid, diglycolic acid, and hydrochloric acid. Shorter-lived radionuclides were detected by a solid-state beta scintillation counter on-line with the IC separation. Mass spectrometry detection using an efficient and robust plasma ionization source provides isotopic discernability for both stable isotopes and long-lived radioactive species. Effective separation of over 47 elements and 160 isotopes was obtained from a single-elution scheme lasting 70 min. Automated IC separations provide the potential for rapid isotopic and radionuclide analysis of complex radioactive waste, using minimal sample and reagent volumes and reducing personnel exposures.

    Keywords:

    ion chromatography, ICP-MS, IC-ICP/MS, radionuclides, solid-state beta scintillation, contained ICP-MS, on-line separation, radioactive waste


    Author Information:

    Farmer, OT
    Technical specialist II, senior technical specialist II, research scientist, student intern, research scientist, senior research scientist, and staff scientist, Pacific Northwest Laboratory, Richland, WA

    Reeves, JH
    Technical specialist II, senior technical specialist II, research scientist, student intern, research scientist, senior research scientist, and staff scientist, Pacific Northwest Laboratory, Richland, WA

    Wyse, EJ
    Technical specialist II, senior technical specialist II, research scientist, student intern, research scientist, senior research scientist, and staff scientist, Pacific Northwest Laboratory, Richland, WA

    Clemetson, CJ
    Technical specialist II, senior technical specialist II, research scientist, student intern, research scientist, senior research scientist, and staff scientist, Pacific Northwest Laboratory, Richland, WA

    Barinaga, CJ
    Technical specialist II, senior technical specialist II, research scientist, student intern, research scientist, senior research scientist, and staff scientist, Pacific Northwest Laboratory, Richland, WA

    Smith, MR
    Technical specialist II, senior technical specialist II, research scientist, student intern, research scientist, senior research scientist, and staff scientist, Pacific Northwest Laboratory, Richland, WA

    Koppenaal, DW
    Technical specialist II, senior technical specialist II, research scientist, student intern, research scientist, senior research scientist, and staff scientist, Pacific Northwest Laboratory, Richland, WA


    Paper ID: STP15978S

    Committee/Subcommittee: C26.13

    DOI: 10.1520/STP15978S


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