STP1567

    Thermal Conductivity and Rheological Behaviour of Al-alloy Dispersed Ethylene Glycol Based Nanofluids

    Published: Aug 2012


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    Abstract

    Al-alloy (Al-5 wt. %Zn and Al-5 wt. %Si) nanoparticle dispersed (0.01–2.00 vol. %) ethylene glycol based nanofluids are prepared by a two-step process. Prior to dispersing in ethylene glycol by magnetic stirring and ultrasonication the Al-alloy nanoparticles synthesized by mechanical alloying are characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), selected area diffraction (SAD), and energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS) to analyze the identity, size, shape, and purity of the powder. A maximum thermal conductivity enhancement of 16 % for Al-5 wt. %Zn and 13 % for Al-5 wt. %Si dispersed nanofluids are observed at 0.1 vol. % of nanoparticle concentrations. Rheological studies of nanofluids show interesting findings as the viscosity of both types of nanofluids are observed to exhibit values lower than that of base fluid at lower concentrations and higher at higher concentrations. Maximum enhancement of viscosity up to 180 % for Al-5 wt. %Si and 120 % for Al-5 wt. %Zn dispersed nanofluids are observed at 2.0 vol. % concentration.

    Keywords:

    nanofluids, viscosity, thermal conductivity, al-alloy nanoparticles, ethylene glycol


    Author Information:

    Paul, Gayatri
    Dept. of Mechanical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur, West Bengal

    Philip, John
    Metallurgy & Materials Group, Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research, Kalpakkam, Tamilnadu

    Raj, Baldev
    Metallurgy & Materials Group, Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research, Kalpakkam, Tamilnadu

    Das, Prasanta Kumar
    Dept. of Mechanical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur, West Bengal

    Manna, Indranil
    Dept. of Metallurgical and Materials Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur, West Bengal

    CSIR-Central Glass Ceramic Research Institute, Kolkata, West Bengal


    Paper ID: STP156720120007

    Committee/Subcommittee: D02.06

    DOI: 10.1520/STP156720120007


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