STP1552

    Evaluation of Dynamic Response and Brain Deformation Metrics for a Helmeted and Non-Helmeted Hybrid III Headform Using a Monorail Centric/Non-Centric Protocol

    Published: Jun 2014


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    Abstract

    Head injuries, and concussion in particular, have become a source of interest in the sport of ice hockey. This study proposes a monorail test methodology combined with a finite element method to evaluate ice hockey helmets in a centric/non-centric protocol with performance metrics more closely associated with risk of concussion. Two conditions were tested using the protocol: (a) helmeted versus no helmet, and (b) vinyl nitrile lined hockey helmet versus expanded polypropylene lined hockey helmet. The results indicate that the impact velocities and locations produced distinct responses. Also, the protocol distinguished important design characteristics of the two helmet liner types, with the vinyl nitrile lined helmet producing lower strain responses in the cerebrum. Furthermore, it was discovered that low risk of injury peak linear and rotational acceleration values can combine to produce much higher risks of injury when using brain deformation metrics. In conclusion, the use of finite element modeling of the human brain along with a centric/non-centric protocol provides an opportunity for researchers and helmet developers to observe how the dynamic response produced by these impacts influences brain tissue deformation and injury risk. This type of centric/non-centric physical to finite element modeling methodology could be used to guide innovation for new methods to prevent concussion.

    Keywords:

    ice hockey, helmets, standards, concussion


    Author Information:

    Nishizaki, Kyle
    Dept. of Kinesiology, Univ. of Windsor, Rockliffe, ON

    Marino, Wayne
    Dept. of Kinesiology, Univ. of Windsor, Windsor, ON

    Hoshizaki, T. Blaine
    Dept. of Human Kinetics, Univ. of Ottawa, Ottawa, ON

    Post, Andrew
    Dept. of Human Kinetics, Univ. of Ottawa, Ottawa, ON

    Oeur, Anna
    Dept. of Human Kinetics, Univ. of Ottawa, Ottawa, ON

    Walsh, Evan S.
    Dept. of Human Kinetics, Univ. of Ottawa, Ottawa, ON

    Gilchrist, Michael D.
    School of Mechanical and Materials Engineering, Univ. College Dublin, Dublin,

    Kendall, Marshall
    Dept. of Human Kinetics, Univ. of Ottawa, Ottawa, ON

    Nishizaki, Kyle
    Dept. of Kinesiology, Univ. of Windsor, Rockliffe, ON

    Marino, Wayne
    Dept. of Kinesiology, Univ. of Windsor, Windsor, ON

    Hoshizaki, T. Blaine
    Dept. of Human Kinetics, Univ. of Ottawa, Ottawa, ON

    Post, Andrew
    Dept. of Human Kinetics, Univ. of Ottawa, Ottawa, ON

    Oeur, Anna
    Dept. of Human Kinetics, Univ. of Ottawa, Ottawa, ON

    Walsh, Evan S.
    Dept. of Human Kinetics, Univ. of Ottawa, Ottawa, ON

    Gilchrist, Michael D.
    School of Mechanical and Materials Engineering, Univ. College Dublin, Dublin,

    Kendall, Marshall
    Dept. of Human Kinetics, Univ. of Ottawa, Ottawa, ON


    Paper ID: STP155220120169

    Committee/Subcommittee: F08.51

    DOI: 10.1520/STP155220120169


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