STP1228

    Spallation Radiation Damage and Dosimetry for Accelerator Transmutation of Waste Applications

    Published: Jan 1994


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    Abstract

    Proposals are currently being made for systems to treat radioactive waste based on the use of accelerator-driven neutron sources. A linear proton accelerator with energies as high as 1600 MeV and currents up to 250 ma are anticipated for the driver. The neutron fluxes may reach up to 1020 neutrons/m2s as generated by the spallation reactions that occur when the protons strike target materials. Calculations are described to determine radiation fluxes and flux spectra inherent in such systems and to estimate likely radiation effects on system components. The calculations use LAHET, a Monte Carlo high-energy transport code, and MCNP, a generalized-geometry, coupled neutron-photon Monte Carlo transport code. Cross sections for displacement and helium production are presented for spallation neutrons of energies from 21 MeV to 1600 MeV for Inconel 718 (Ni plus 18.5, 18.5, 5.1, and 3 wt% of Cr, Fe, Nb, and Mo, respectively), an alloy that is used for the proton beam entry window in several accelerators. In addition, calculations for this alloy are presented for the primary knocked-on atom (PKA) spectrum and the transmutation yield for 1600 MeV incident neutrons.

    Keywords:

    accelerator transmutation of waste (ATW), displacement production, helium production, Inconel 718, LAHET, MCNP, PKA spectrum, proton accelerator, radiation damage, transmutation production


    Author Information:

    Wechsler, MS
    Adjunct Professor, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC

    Ferguson, PD
    Graduate Student, University of Missouri-Rolla, Rolla, MO

    Lin, C
    Graduate Student, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC

    Sommer, WF
    Senior Scientist, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM


    Paper ID: STP15175S

    Committee/Subcommittee: E10.07

    DOI: 10.1520/STP15175S


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